The central figure in the Center for
Defense Information in Washington and a proudly self-proclaimed research
supporter of Dr. Helen Caldicott, Rear Admiral Eugene J. Carroll, Jr., (USN
Ret.) addressed the AfD convention in Gettysburg on "Confrontation or
Carroll graduated from the Navy and Army
War Colleges and holds degrees in international relations from George
Washington University. Named a Rear
Admiral in 1972, he served as commander of the carrier striking force of the
U.S. Sixth Fleet in the Mediterranean and on General Alexander Haig's staff in
Europe, was the first Naval officer to be the director of all U.S. forces in
Europe and the Middle East, and was Assistant Deputy Chief of Naval Operations
for Plans, Policy, and Operations, in which capacity he engaged in U.S. naval
planning for nuclear and conventional war.
Dressed in a light grey suit and a tie,
Admiral Carroll condemned both Presidents Clinton, who he said was
"unwilling to take on the military forces in the United States," and
George W. Bush, who Carroll charged is lying when Bush says we will consult
with our allies, for "their ghastly failure" since the end of the
Cold War. This failure, Carroll said,
was their deciding that the U.S. would be "the only superpower"
instead of a pursuing a course of international cooperation. "We didn't seek common purpose with
other nations, we sought dominion, and we continue with that today," he
"never works in the long term," he contended, reviewing the rise and fall of the empires of the Assyrians,
Alexander, the Romans, the Austro-Hungarians, the British. "The lessons of history are, you cannot
remain king of the hill by using your force to maintain your dominion."
2002 we will spend more than $400 billion" on the military, he said. "I have no idea how much money that
is. It's a sum that staggers the
imagination. Believe me there's a lot
of profit in this. There's a lot of profit
in it for them to see that this is spent in this way." The Bush Administration has "jumped the
cost" of spending on weapons more than eightfold, and these weapons
"have nothing to do with the security of the U.S., nothing to do with
terrorists." By spending $67
billion on nuclear subs, he said sardonically, "If they get to sea in
rowboats, we can defeat the terrorists."
More than half of all discretionary funding appropriated by Congress
will go to the military, and "this means cuts in education, housing,
transportation, medical care, justice."
we are "alienating our allies," he said. Spending more money on the military than the next
highest-spending 20 or so nations, he said, "we are in an arms race with
ourselves because nobody else is in competition," and our allies see
"that we are intending to exercise global dominion because of our power
and wealth. I've heard President Bush
say we're gonna consult. Well, that's a
lie. We go and tell them what we're
is "tremendous pressure" in Washington now, he continued, "to
take out Saddam Hussein, to go to Baghdad." In a war with Iraq, he said, "even if you win you lose. We would own Iraq. There's nobody there to run the country, maintain its
orders. Who's going to do it? You are, with your tax money."
missile defense program, Carroll charged, is "a scandal. It's unneeded. There's no threat. We'll
spend hundreds of billions in the process.
We are ending arms control that we have been building ever since the Nuclear
.We want a national missile defense program to hide behind in case our
control around the world brings down an attack upon us."
that, he said, these preparations are for "space warfare
.It gives us a
military fighting system in space
.So for the first time in the history of
mankind there will be warfare weapons in space."
the stead of "this aggressive, confrontational, military-first
policy," Admiral Carroll told the Alliance, "above all the United
States has to recognize the world community" by supporting the UN
("we created it, it's a U.S. decision") and the new International
Criminal Court (which the Bush Administration is fighting ferociously).
led the writing of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, governing more than
70% of the earth's surface, but won't ratify it, Carroll said; 130 nations
ratified the treaty against anti-personnel weapons, "but not us"; we
wrote the UN convention on the rights of the child, but "we won't
join," the one nation in the world that will not [along with
Somalia--Ed.]; the U.S. "hasn't even ratified the Comprehensive Test Ban
the U.S. planning to produce nuclear weapons through 2020 and no nuclear
institution or country living up to promises made under the nuclear nonproliferation
treaty, Carroll said, Japan and Germany will get nuclear weapons-"that day
is inevitable as long as we maintain ours." From his experience planning for nuclear war, he is most
concerned that U.S. nuclear weapons are still maintained in a status of
"launch on warning." That is,
he said, "thousands of nuclear weapons" are "on alert, ready to
fire in a matter of five minutes
.We can throw several thousand nuclear weapons
in the air irreversibly and then find out" that we have done so in
the President's sole ability to decide whether to use nuclear weapons, Carroll,
responding to a question, declared:
"Under present law there is no check on him. He doesn't have to notify anybody. He simply is wakened, concludes they will be
used, launches them, and they are gone."
military-industrial complex is powerful, but it can't elect anybody, Admiral
Carroll argued. "You gotta
vote," he said. "When they
understand $400 billion in one year for the military is unacceptable and 'you'll
lose,' they'll listen. We must make the
democratic process work. If we don't
what's the fight about? We might as
well let any fascist run the country."
In Gettysburg where they were gathered,
Carroll recalled, Lincoln spoke the words "of the people, by the people,
for the people," but "it's amazing, we're getting so far away from
this now because of the power of the people at the top of the heap. It depends on people like you, informed and
concerned citizens. Gather the
information, and organize, and act. My
personal time to achieve change is running out. I do have grandchildren, and I want them to live in a safe and
peaceful place. I'll go on trying to
help as long as I can."